Treatment of Mosquitoes
Mosquito Control Program 2021
The Maryland Department of Agriculture provides mosquito control services to the Bowie area. The mosquito control program for 2021 began with spring larviciding in March. The regular season will begin in May and will continue into late September. Work may continue into October, if necessary.
The program consists of larviciding (control of immature stages of the mosquito), public education about the Asian tiger mosquito, and adult surveillance with possible spraying.
Larviciding - Larviciding, proven the most effective treatment, means treating the immature stages (eggs, larvae or pupae) of the mosquitoes in the stagnant water where they occur. Known breeding areas in your community will be checked approximately every 3 weeks for the presence of larvae and will be treated if necessary. Three different products are used for larviciding.
- Bti granules - This is a granular formulation of a bacterium, Bacillus
thurinziensisvar israelensis. These bacteria produce a substance toxic to mosquito and black fly larvae but not harmful to other organisms. The material is not persistent in the environment; the bacteria do not reproduce and multiply so the effect of the bacteria is very temporary. Bacillius sphaericusgranules – These bacteria also produce a substance toxic to mosquito larvae. Under certain conditions, they can recycle in the breeding area for up to 30 days.
- Methoprene briquet, pellet, & granule - This substance is an insect growth regulator, causing incomplete development within the immature stages. The mosquito dies before becoming a biting adult. The briquet and pellet formulations last up to 30 days, slowly releasing the active ingredient into the breeding area. The granule lasts for several weeks.
- Natular granules - This granular formulation of the spinosad bacterium is toxic to mosquito and midge larvae. It can remain effective for up to 30 days.
Adulticiding – Communities will be visited based on the Adult Mosquito Surveillance / Spraying Schedule if mosquito complaints in the area have been reported.
A surveillance crew member will either place a portable light trap overnight or do a landing count in complaint areas. If the number of female mosquitoes does not exceed the action threshold (3 female mosquitos in a
The reason for this surveillance is that the permethrin used for adult control is a contact insecticide; it must contact the mosquito to kill it. If spraying is determined to be necessary, the spray shift will run in the late evening to try to coincide with the time of peak mosquito activity. If the sprayer operator encounters too many people outside in the spray area, spraying will not be done. Therefore
Adulticiding will begin weekly in June and will continue until the end of September. Permethrin is the one product used for
An individual resident may have his/her owned or leased real property excluded from the adult mosquito control spraying. A resident wishing to exclude their property must submit a request directly to the Maryland Department of Agriculture.
Information on excluding a property and the required submission forms are available on the Maryland Department of Agriculture website.
View the Adult Mosquito Surveillance / Spraying Schedule
Asian Tiger Mosquito
Since the Asian tiger mosquito has become a major problem in this area, we are trying to distribute information about this mosquito in an effort to reduce backyard breeding of this annoying mosquito pest.
Mosquitoes can breed in any water-holding container including bird baths, wading pools, pet watering dishes, tin cans, old tires, clogged gutters or flower pots. To prevent mosquito breeding in these areas, water should be changed weekly in bird baths, wading pools and pet dishes, gutters should be cleaned at least twice a year, and other water-holding containers should be disposed of or stored upside down.
If you choose to spray your yard for the Asian Tiger Mosquito, make sure to purchase the correct pesticide from a hardware store or a professional pest control agency. Be certain that what you choose is labeled for the treatment of mosquitoes. There are many different brand names that will work. Some of the active ingredients to look for on the label which
Adult Asian Tigers spend most of the time resting in bushes, ivy, tall grass, under decks, and in other shady, sheltered areas. Concentrate treatment in these areas. Although they are active all day, Asian Tigers seem to be most active around dusk. Therefore, this is the best time to treat.
If you need assistance locating breeding areas around your house, or would like to report stagnant water near your property call the Public Works Office at 301-809-2336.
MD Department of Agriculture Mosquito Control website.